Ants are apparently everywhere. We encounter them along the wayside, in meadows and fields, in the garden, and on the edge of the forest. The different species of ants – large reddish-brown, small shiny black, yellow-red, or brown ones – prefer different places to live; the large hilly buildings of the wood ant, for example, are rarely found in meadows, but all the more frequently at the edge of the forest. Ants are almost completely absent in the deep shady forest.
Ants are warmth-loving and therefore sun-loving animals. This explains why many species prefer to build their houses under flat stones; such stones are good heat accumulators, which only slowly release the heat they have collected back into their environment, even long after sunset.
The artificial ant-hill, which is made up of needles, pieces of wood, crumbs of earth, etc., does not appear to be a heat antenna from the outset. The dome is not the actual nest; it goes deep into the ground, where the forest ants retreat to even in winter. The dome offers a much larger and steeper catchment area for the oblique rays of the morning and evening sun than a flat nest built only into the ground would.
In the morning hours, the ant brood, which requires particular warmth, is found just below the surface of the nest hill, just on the side facing the sun. During the hottest part of the day, the workers carry the eggs, larvae, and pupae back to lower nest chambers. As artless as an anthill may be in comparison with the honeybee’s circular honeycomb structure or the wasps’ paper pavilion, one of its great advantages over these structures is the possibility of regulating the heat supply to a certain extent. An anthill can be quickly converted, and so we find that the hill has a steeper shape in spring, when the sun’s rays still fall flat, than in hot midsummer.
Those who have set up camp too close to the wood ant’s nest will soon discover that the animals can pinch sensitively. Usually, you shake them off, but the ant’s attack was not over yet. The ant bites a wound and then injects poison from a poison bubble in the abdomen. Such poisoned wounds are of course much more painful than the mere bites.
However, some small yellow-red ants can sting even more sensitively, and there is a good reason for this: these ants do not bite, but sting with a real poison sting, which is located at the end of their abdomen, whereas smaller species can only penetrate thin skin. This poison sting tells us that ants are relatives of wasps, bees, and bumblebees, which together with ants and several other families are counted among the insect order of hymenopterans.
The messenger wood ant (Formica rufa) and the yellow-red sting-armored ant (e.g. Myrmica rubida) belong to two easily distinguishable subfamilies. If we take a closer look at the connection between chest and abdomen, which forms a narrow waist in ants, we find that in the case of the wood ant, a scale rises steeply from this connection. All ants with this characteristic are considered to be scale ants (Camponotini). The waist of the stinging species, on the other hand, is formed by two successive knots: it is classified as a knotted ant (Myrmicini).
Ant in Hindi – Best Information About Ant World Life
The most common species of ants in Central Europe belong to the scaled and nodular ants; of the other five subfamilies, which occur in the tropics in large numbers, only a few or no representatives reach our latitudes. All ants form societies, also known as states or colonies; it would be better to call them brood care communities.
It is usually said that ant colonies are organically structured, i.e. they are made up of several castes with different physical and psychological characteristics: males, females, and workers, and in some species even soldiers (Fig. 4). However, as the winged males only appear once a year, in summer, during the flocking-out period, to leave the nest with the virgin females, who are also winged, they are not really part of the state’s population, important as their function as sexual animals are. The great majority of the inhabitants of an anthill are the workers. They are wingless animals throughout their lives, namely females with stunted ovaries which are still clearly visible in their enclosure.