SRIMATI RADHA RANI WHAT ARE HER CHARACTER TRAITS?
The true essence of any living creature lies in its character. What qualities of character of Srimati Radha Rani attract and captivate Sri Krishna so much that He completely obeys her?
Srimati Radha Rani possesses innumerable divine qualities, twenty-five of which are the main ones.
It is with their help that she subdues Krishna Himself:
1. Madhura – Her whole form is the embodiment of unsurpassed sweetness.
2. Nava-vayah – She is eternally young.
3. Chala-apanga – Her eyes are restless, like those of a quivering doe.
4. Ujjvala-smita – A dazzling smile adorns her face.
5. Caru-saubhagya-rekhadhya – Her feet and palms are decorated with beautiful auspicious lines.
6. Gandha-unmadita-madhava – the fragrance emanating from Her divine body literally drives Krishna crazy.
7. Sangeeta-prasara-abhigya – She is unsurpassed in singing and playing the vina.
8. Ramya-vak – Her speech is charming.
9. Narma Pandita – She has an amazing sense of humor.
10. Vinita– meek and humble.
11. Karuna-purna – full of mercy and compassion
12. Vidagdha – inventive
13. Patava-anvita – fulfills Her duties impeccably.
14. Lajja-sila is shy.
15. Su-maryada – respectful to everyone.
16. Dhairya is always calm.
17. Gambhirya-salini is serious.
18. Su-vilasa – She loves games and fun.
19. Mahabhava-paramottkarsa-tarsini – She is the embodiment of the most sublime emotions of love.
20. Gokula-prema-vasati – She fills the whole of Gokula with love.
21. Jagad-sreni-lasat-yasa – She is the most famous of all the devotees of the Lord.
22. Guru-arpita-guru-sneha – She has great love and respect for the elders.
23. Sakhi-pranayita-vasa- submissive to the love of Her friends.
24. Krishna-priya-avali-mukhya – is the chief among the gopis .
25. Santata-ashrama-kesava – She always keeps Krishna under Her spell.
But the brightest diamond of her character is revealed in the book Caitanya-caritamrita, Madhya, 23.86-91:
“With all these qualities, Srimati Radha Rani
Serves His beloved Krishna completely and exclusively.”
WHY ARE WE WORSHIPING RADHA RANI?
His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, in a lecture in Calcutta, September 1974, said the following about this:
Srimati Radha Rani is always so engrossed in the service of Krishna that she cannot hear anything but the name of Krishna. She doesn’t listen to anything else; nothing else but the name of Krishna enters her ears.
Naturally, the question arises: Why do we worship Radha Rani, because in the Srimad Bhagavatam actually nothing is said about her?
We treasure the answer to this question in the clarifications of the Six Goswamis of Vrindavana. Actually, Sukadeva Gosvami is a devotee of Sri Radha; he is her parrot. If Sukadeva began Srimad Bhagavatam with Her name, then he would immediately plunge into an ecstatic state and, having lost his senses, would not be able to tell the entire Bhagavatam. This is the reason why there is no detailed description of Radha Rani in the Bhagavatam. The Goswamis discovered her by studying other sastras.
The same can be said about chanting the maha-mantra. In his commentary on the Hare Krishna maha-mantra, Jiva Goswami says that when we chant Hare, we are actually addressing Radha: “Oh Radha, Krishna energy, engage me in the service of Your Lord …”
Today Radhastami, if we turn to Radha Rani with prayers, she will have mercy on us. Therefore in Vrindavan, “Jaya Radhe!” Is distributed everywhere. If Radha Rani is pleased with you, then it will not be difficult for you to approach Krishna.
If Radha Rani gives His recommendation, “This devotee is very good,” then Krishna will immediately accept however foolish I may be. Because there is a recommendation from Radha Rani, Krishna accepts. Because however fallen I may be, if somehow or other I can satisfy Radha Rani, and then it will be very easy for me to understand Krishna. This is the purpose of our life; vita-raga-bhaya-krodha mann-maya mam upasrtah – you cannot directly seek Krishna’s shelter. One must take shelter of His energy. “
Who is Radha Rani?
Ordinary people do not know who Radha Rani is. Radha-tattva is confidential knowledge that is hidden even in the Vedas.
As a consequence, there are many misconceptions about the position of Srimati Radha Rani or no misunderstandings at all. Radha Rani is a manifestation of the love of Sri Krishna.
Sri Radha is the hladini-sakti or pleasure-giving potency of Krishna. Krishna is the source of energy, and Radha is His energy. Radha and Krishna are one soul in the logic that they are Shakti (strength) and Shakti-man (powerful). Although they are one aatma, yet from time ancient they have been established in two different systems in Goloka Vrindavan to enjoy sweet pastimes.
Svayam Bhagavan Sri Krishna has unlimited energies, which are divided into three categories: internal energy or antaranga-shakti, external energy or bahiranga-shakti, and marginal energy or tatastha-shakti, marginal energy is jiva-shakti. With the help of material energy, this material world is created, maintained and destroyed. He maintains the spiritual world with His internal energy.
The internal energy known as svarupa-shakti or chit-shakti, in turn, is divided into three more components: Sandhini-shakti is the aspect of Krishna responsible for eternal existence: this is the energy of the Lord’s existence, with which He maintains His creation.
The main component of this energy is shudha-sattva. The existence of Lord Krishna rests on it. The abode of Krishna, His mother, father, house, bed, seats and so much more, are all transformations of sudha-sattva. Samvit-sakti is the cognition or knowledge aspect of Krishna.
With the help of this energy, the Lord knows Himself and it also allows others to know God. The main component of this energy is knowledge that the Supreme Personality of Godhead is Lord Krishna.
Hladini-shakti is the bliss aspect of Krishna. With her help, the Lord gets pleasure, and in the same way she nourishes the devotees. She allows the Lord to have transcendental bliss and is the reason why His devotees experience this bliss.
Radha Rani, the manifestation of the pleasure potency of Krishna, (hladini-sakti). When She is compared to a creeper, Her associates, the maidens of Vraja, are like the flowers and leaves of that creeper.
When Radha Rani and Krishna enjoy Their pastimes, the girls of Vraja take more pleasure than Radha Rani herself. “Although Radha Rani’s friends do not expect personal attention from Krishna, Radha Rani is so pleased with them that she arranges personal meetings between Krishna and the girls of Vraja.
In arranging these meetings, Radha Rani indulges in all kinds of transcendental tricks and gets even more delight than his own meeting with Krishna. And Krishna is very pleased to see what joy Radha Rani and Her friends bring to associate with Him. In this loving relationship, material lust is completely absent, although it resembles the material union of a man and a woman.
The story of Radha Rani‘s birth
The appearance of Srimati Radha Rani is described in the Padma Purana and Garga-Samhita. It was mysterious and beautiful. It is said that Vrishabhana found her floating in the Yamuna on a golden lotus flower.
And the story of Radha Rani’s birth is as follows.
Meanwhile, the Vindhya mountain peak with his wife indulged in austerities in order to receive even greater blessings. They wanted to have 2 daughters and a son-in-law who would exceed Shiva. Vindhya decided to become more famous than the king of the mountains, the Himalayas, the father of Parvati, who was proud of the wealth of his son-in-law, Shiva.
At the request of Brahma, Yogamaya began to trick. She mystically transferred the unborn girls from the womb of the wives of Vrishabhana and Chandrabhana to the womb of the wife of Vindhya. So two sisters were born in the mountains – Radha and Candravali.
On the orders of Kamsa, frightened by the prediction of her imminent death, the Putana demon abducted the newborn children and killed them.
The turn came to the daughters of Vindhya. The witch kidnapped them and began to fly away. When the chief priest of Vindhya began to recite a mantra that is deadly to demons, Putana’s skin froze, and she dropped three of the eight girls: Radha, Candravali, and Visakha.
The little ones landed softly on the open lotuses on the Yamuna. Soon the power of the mantra struck the witch, and she collapsed to the ground. Purnamasi took five more girls off her, Lalita, Padma, Bhadra, Saibyu, and Shyama, and handed them over to the wives of the shepherds of Vraja.
Visakha found Jatila, Candravali was found by Bhishmaka, and Radhika received Vrishabhana. It happened like this.
King Vrishabhanu and his wife Kirtida had no children, and relatives advised Kirtida to go to the house of his mother, whose name was Mukara, and there worship the Yamuna in order to receive a child with her blessing.
King Vrishabhanu and Kirtita did just that. At about noon, at two o’clock, he went to take a bath in the Yamuna and saw there a beautiful child in a golden lotus flower.
And Srimati Radha Rani showed her beautiful form to Narada on the golden lotus. She appeared before him at full height. She blessed Narada with her own hands.
There is a beautiful painting in the temple on Varsana that captures this scene. Narada gazes at this beautiful image with wide eyes and a gaping mouth in at that time, when everyone returned with everything necessary for puja, Radha again assumed the form of a baby, a little girl, and Narada Muni performed a very magnificent ceremony in honor of her appearance. After that, Vrishabhana asked Narada to give a blessing so that his girl would become a normal child so that her eyes would open so that she would open her hands and begin to move.
Immediately send for Nanda Maharaja, let him come with his child, Krishna, and we will perform the final ceremony on the occasion of the birth of your child. If you do everything that I told you, your wishes will come.
When Nanda Maharaja and Yasoda arrived with Krishna, Vrishabhanu began the ceremony. There were sounds of mellifluous music, Brahmanas chanted Vedic mantras, there was a lot of yogurt and milk; turmeric was scattered everywhere.
At this time, Krishna felt some kind of aroma, he began to inhale it deeply. It was an amazing smell, but no one else could smell it.
Trying to understand where he is coming from, Krishna crawled into the room where Radha was lying in the cradle.
As soon as He approached her, stood on his legs, and looked into the cradle, Radha fidgeted, unclenched her fists, and held out her hands to Him. She also smelled a wonderful fragrance emanating from Krishna’s body.
When Radha opened her eyes and saw Krishna, their gazes met. Krishna was the first person she saw. He was her eternal consort.
In the material world, Radha saw nothing and heard nothing, therefore her form with closed eyes and clenched hands in fists is known as jada-rupa, stone. Radha was like a stone dead to material life, but she came to life when she smelled the scent of Krishna. In the material world, the devotee’s senses are asleep; they awaken to life only in the presence of Krishna.
A factual devotee of Krishna does not reason for anything that is not related to Krishna, does not see anything – only Krishna.
He does not listen or speak of anything other than Krishna. For material life and sense gratification that ordinary people are mad about, a pure devotee is dead; he is born and lives only for Krishna.
Therefore a devotee of Krishna prays to Srimati Radha Rani and asks her to think only of Krishna. He wants to see always Krishna, hear and talk only about Krishna.
This is the only benediction he asks from Radha; in other words, this is what is called Krishna consciousness.
- Srimati Radha Rani
- Adhe vrindavanadhise
- Krpaya nija-padabja
- Dasyam mahyam pradiyatam
Radhe, The Queen of Vrndavana,
You are like a full-flowing river of nectar mercy. Have mercy on me and grant me some insignificant service at Your lotus feet. You control all bliss (rasotsava).”
The greatest and best potency of the Lord is named Srimati Radha Rani. There are certainly many other eternal associates of the Lord, but the highest stage of devotional service can be found only in Srimati Radha Rani.”
The very nature of Krishna is described as the personification of bliss. He tastes the bliss of which He is the source. He knows his ecstasy and feels it, but in order to spread His natural bliss outside, a certain energy is needed, which is called hladini. The essence of hladini-shakti, the internal energy of Krishna’s bliss, Radhika appears. She controls the innermost rasa, extracting it from within and expanding it outside. “
Service of Srimati Radha Rani
So the school founded by Mahaprabhu declares Radha-dasyam, service to Sri Radha, the supreme achievement for a living entity. This is the very essence of Srimad Bhagavatam. This is the version of Krishna Himself.”
“The Rapanuga Sampradaya, followers of the lineage of Sri Rupa, are those who have a unique taste of service in the circle of Radha Rani. The worldly spirit of exploitation and renunciation, and even the devotion legitimized by the Shastras, do not have access to this plane of reality. The devotion of the highest kind is not subject to any. Laws. It is spontaneous and arbitrary. Only in this circle of servants is the sacrifice of the highest degree possible. “
If we try to serve Krishna directly, we will be the losers. The service that Radha Rani renders to Krishna is the highest in all respects. If we devote ourselves to the service of Radha Rani, She uses our energy in her service to Krishna. Thus, her service to Krishna will be even better. Then, as a reward, through her, a reciprocal feeling will come to us. It will be the devotion of the highest kind (mahabhava).
The supreme goal of the Gaudiya Vaishnavas
“Srimati Radha Rani occupies the highest position. Sri Jayadeva Gosvami writes that Krishna is eager to shower Himself with dust from the feet of Srimati Radha Rani. However, modern people cannot understand this. Only the followers of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, His by mercy, can partially penetrate the essence of radha-dasyam , the service of Srimati Radha Rani. Therefore, radha-dasyam is the ultimate goal of every Gaudiya Vaisnava. “
The Supreme Pleasure of Krishna
“Srimati Radha Rani bestows the highest pleasure on Krishna. She is the Lady of the ocean of madhura-rasa . She possesses this highest treasure, and therefore everyone, even Baladeva, if He wants to please Krishna, must take her protection.”
Shri Gadadhara Pandita
Sri Gadadhara Pandit – incarnation of Srimati Radha Rani in Goura- lila .
“In Gaura- lila ruled Gadadhara Pandita – He belongs to all, however, he is forced to admit that he has nothing – all took Gauranga he fully devoted himself to Gauranga Therefore Srila Kaviraja Goswami says.!. Teho Lakshmi-rupa, tara sama keha nai – “He represents the main power of Gauranga, and no one can compare with Him.” This is Srila Kaviraj Goswami’s conclusion about Sri Gadadhara. He is gaura-Prema-Maya, the embodiment of Sri Gaura’s love.
This is the position of Gadadhara Pandita:
He is completely empty and follows Mahaprabhu. He has nothing of his own. The most important thing – His heart, was taken by Mahaprabhu, so He has no choice but to follow Him. He gave Himself completely to Mahaprabhu. The position of Gadadhara Pandita, the role He played, was somewhat similar to the role of Radha Rani: Her heart is stolen by Krishna; however, a devastated body remains.
Radha-bhava-dyuti-subalitam numi krishna-svarupam :
He was completely absorbed in the concept of Sri Gauranga. Gauranga took everything from Him, so He had no other choice: He was completely absorbed, in all respects captivated by Him. “
Jai Srimati Radha Rani!