What are ants?
About ants: Ants are awesome! The ant is a truly fascinating insect: we are all used to seeing it but few know the incredible world it hides. It belongs to the order of the Hymenoptera and there are thousands of different species in the world. Like any insect, ants possess 3 pairs of legs and their body is divided into the head, thorax, and abdomen.
Frequently Asked Question About Ants
- How many species of ants are there
- Where do ants live
- What are ants with wings
- Who runs the anthill
- Do all ants sting
- How do ants communicate
- What do they eat
- How do they grow
- How much does an ant weigh
- What are they for
- How long does an ant live
- How to join Pro Nature
- do ants sleep in winter
- do ants sleep
- do ants have eyes
- do ants have lungs
- Do Ants have brains
Now, Describe All Interesting Question about Ants
How many species of ants are there?
Today 12,574 species have been described, but according to experts the number of extant species is probably much higher. In fact, every year new species are discovered mainly thanks to the progress of scientific research. For example, in 1990 there were about 9,000 species.
In Switzerland about ants 140 species are known so far, of which about ninety are present in Ticino.
Where do ants live?
Ants have colonized all regions of the Earth, from the Polar Circle to equatorial forests and deserts. We find them in all types of terrestrial environments including meadows, woods, river beds, pastures, swamps.
What are ants with wings?
Ants with wings are breeding individuals. Ants with wings are none other than breeding individuals. They are therefore young males and young queens who participate in the nuptial flight during mating.
Who runs the anthill?
Contrary to popular belief, it is not the queen who directs and the workers are not her slaves. Generally queens and workers collaborate for the functioning of the nest. The queens lay their eggs, while the workers perform all the other tasks such as the search for food, the defense of the anthill, the care of the young, and so on.
Do all ants sting?
No. Only species with a sting can sting. About half of the ants in Switzerland have a stinger, but most of them are too small to sting humans. Although the sting is unpleasant in some cases, no ant is truly dangerous in Switzerland.
The best known ants with sting in our latitudes are the ants belonging to the genera Myrmica and Manica , the so-called “red ants”.
How do ants communicate?
Ants communicate thanks to chemicals, called pheromones, produced by special glands and perceived through their antennae. There are different types of pheromones and they serve to attract partners for mating, to raise the alarm and to signal a path to follow to their sisters (for example in the direction of a food source): this is why we often see some columns of ants walking along an invisible line!
What do they eat?
Ants are omnivorous, but generally feed on animal prey (live or dead), aphid honeydew and, to a small extent, seeds. However, there are species that follow particular diets such as the “leaf cutter” ants that feed exclusively on mushrooms grown inside the anthill.
How do they grow?
The growth of an ant occurs during the larval stage through successive moults (change of the external skeleton). In the course of its development, each ant goes through different stages: egg, larva, nymph, adult ant. The adult ant no longer grows: small, medium or large, its size will be final.
How much does an ant weigh?
The weight of the ants is very variable: on average from 1 to 10 mg.
According to scientists, there are between 1 and 10 million billion ants on Earth and their total weight would be similar or even greater than the weight of all human beings, ie about 100 million tons!
What are they for?
Ants play a fundamental role in the ecosystems in which they live and their disappearance can lead to serious ecological imbalances. Ants also disperse many plant species by transporting their seeds, improve the quality of the soil and intervene in the recycling of organic compounds.
How long does an ant live?
It depends on the caste. The workers live on average from 6 months to two years. Queens, on the other hand, live much longer, from 5 to 20 years. The longest-lived queen lived in the laboratory for 29 years! Males are short-lived and their existence is limited to the mating period, i.e. only a few weeks.
How to join Pro Nature?
True, it’s not a question about ants! But Pro Nature does a lot for the environment and biodiversity and therefore also for the ants! Supporting Pro Nature means indirectly giving a hand, sorry for an antenna, to these amazing and important insects!
Do ants sleep in winter?
Ants spend the winter months together as a state in a frozen state. Your winter nest is well protected a few meters underground. It is sealed off from the outside world, all exits are tightly closed. They stay there until spring.
Do ants sleep?
The most important ant is the queen, because the task of producing other worker ants depends on her, as well as directing the activities of the colony. Thanks to this privileged condition, the queen ant sleeps 9 hours in a row every day. Sleep always occurs inside the anthill as the queen never comes out of it after mating. Worker ants, on the other hand, have strange habits. They can take around 250 naps a day, even if only about one minutes each.
Do ants have eyes?
The eyes of ants are not formed like those of humans, but are composed of units called ommatidia. In short, their eyes can look like a series of LEDs present in a traffic light. An ommatidium contains photoreceptor cells surrounded by pigment and support cells and is covered with a transparent cornea.
Do ants have lungs?
Ants have no lungs. These insects breathe through small side openings on the chest called spirals that carry air inside the ′′ airbag.
Do ants have brain?
Researchers think ants shrink their brains, an expensive organ, to store energy to move to the reproductive organs.